Samuel P Huntington, in his classic work ‘The clash of civilizations and the remaking world order’ had asserted a probability of clash and conflict among the civilizations, specially between west and Islam, which will dominate world politics in future. According to Huntington, principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and the groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics. The fault lines between the civilizations will be the battle lines of future.
What are the fault lines that will cause conflict? Huntington described seven or eight civilizations and their fault lines, Population and youth bulge one of them. Through the Arab spring we observed the authenticity of Huntington’s prediction. When the Jasmine revolution, popularly known as Arab Spring started from Tunisia, comprised 30 per cent youth of total population of Tunis, compelled Ben Ali to give up his post in 2011 and it has collapsed four dictators in the Middle East and North Africa regions.
Around the world, Islam as a religion is growing faster compares to others religion. In Europe, Islam is the fastest growing religion and the numbers of Muslims are increasing day by day. According to Pew Research Centre, population of 28 countries presently in the European Union (EU) in Europe, plus Norway and Switzerland as of mid-2016, estimated at 25.8 million (4.9 per cent of the overall population) — up from 19.5 million (3.8 per cent) in 2010.
According to estimation of Pew Research Centre (PRC), if high migration and refugee exodus are continued that we have been seen into Europe between 2014 and 2016, Muslims could make up 14 per cent of Europe’s population by 2050 — nearly triple the current share, but still considerably smaller than the populations of both Christians and people with no religion in Europe.
Important question may arise, what are the implications of Muslim population in European politics, when they constitute less than half of quarter population of European Union? The total number of Muslim population in Europe is about 26 million, comprise 4.9 per cent in 2016. Among 28 European countries, France constitutes 8.8 per cent, which is the highest Muslim pouch country.
To reply aforementioned question, it will be better to say, perhaps in near future we would not see the Muslims implication in European politics. But if we see prudently, it easy to estimate the massive consequences of Muslim bulges in Europe. Increase unemployment, instability, terrorist activities are common among them. For this, European countries are feeling Islamophobia. To tackle this Islamophobia, they are undertaking numerous activities, for instance, increase strict checking system in airport, visa process and so on.
Secondly, Muslim population may change in ethnic structure and it will be the most dangerous side for Europe’s politics. As a result, they are trying to dominate Muslims in different ways. Banning the setup of new and old Mosques, Hijab and Islamic symbols are simple example of them. Already most of the European countries banned to put veil for women in public places.
Thirdly, Muslim population of Europe including refugees, immigrants and others may assimilation of them with European culture and tradition. Undoubtedly, it would be the best business for both of them. But it has no guarantee that it will happen in the age of globalization when one can easily connect with his or her own culture and tradition via internet.
To prove aforementioned logics, Israel and Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT) may be the best example. Both incidents have changed ethnic structure in Palestine and Chittagong Hill Tract respectively and it inspired by political motivation. In 1931, before the birth of Israel the total number of Jewish population was 1, 74,139 comprised about only 16 per cent in respect to 82 per cent of Palestinian population. But in 1946, after massive refugees ‘exodus, which known as Alia from different European countries to Palestine territory, the Jewish population reached double more than 6,00,000 and constituted about 31 per cent of total population of Palestine territory compare to 67 per cent of Arab population.
In 2018, Israel celebrated its seventy’s independent day with the USA declaration and set up its embassy in Jerusalem, the holy place to major three world’s religions. This declaration has ablated more than 62 Palestinian lives when they were protesting of absurd set up the USA embassy in the Jerusalem.
After seventy years later, Jewish population constituted 75 per cent of total Israel population where Arabs population comprised only 21 per cent. Now Arabs population are refugees in their homeland. According to Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, the State of Israel has a population of approximately 8,855,000 inhabitants as of the first half of 2018.about 6,556,000 individuals are Jewish and Arab about 1,837,000 individual, while the remaining 4.6 per cent about 400,000 individuals are defined as others.
There have similarities between Israel and Muslim population in respect of Palestine territory and Europe. The similarities of them are refugee and migrated people due the suppressed by the ruling agent. Jewish people came to Palestine with religious motives but the Muslim population of Europe settled only for economic or life security purposes.
In the same way as like Arabs peoples’ fate, something may happen with European people in future. It is tough to predict when it takes place. But the resurgence of Muslim around the world, especially in Europe has a message to prepare themselves to compromise with Muslim population whatever in politics, economy, culture and so on.
After overall discussion, it can be said that, in the near future the population of Muslims in Europe will influence of European politics, economy, and culture and so on. And perhaps by the late of the twenty first century, Muslim population may be the important catalyst in European communities in decision making process. Would it be good or bad we do not know but it is sure, European Union cannot deny the population wave and its impact in its politics and economy.
The Writer is Studying Political Science at University of Dhaka